Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). Settlements with less than 2,500 inhabitants are considered "rural communities" (in fact, more than 80,000 of those settlements have only one or two housing units). A large majority of Mexicans have been classified as "Mestizos", meaning in modern Mexican usage that they identify fully neither with any indigenous culture nor with a Spanish cultural heritage, but rather identify as having cultural traits incorporating elements from both indigenous and Spanish traditions. By 1765,[citation needed] Dates, which originated from the Middle East, were introduced into Mexico by the Spaniards. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 30%, 64% of the population was between 15 and 65 years of age, and 6% was 65 years or older. The population of the country makes it the highest populated Spanish speaking nation. [92], The use of variated methods and criteria to quantify the number of Mestizos in Mexico is not new: Since several decades ago, many authors have analyzed colonial censuses data and have made different conjectures respecting the ethnic composition of the population of colonial Mexico/New Spain. Although some of these may have a greater number of speakers than the national languages, they are not recognized by the government. [32], Discrepancies between the figures of official legal aliens and all foreign-born residents is quite large. [15], Structure of the population (12.06.2010) (Census):[16], Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI)[17][18]. [117], Estimates of Mexico's white population differ greatly in both, methodology and percentages given, extra-official sources such as The World Factbook and Encyclopedia Britannica, which use the 1921 census results as the base of their estimations calculate Mexico's White population as only 9%[118] or between one tenth to one fifth[119] (the results of the 1921 census, however, have been contested by various historians and deemed inaccurate). The average annual net migration rate of Mexico City over the same period was negative and the lowest of all political divisions of Mexico, whereas the states with the highest net migration rate were Quintana Roo (2.7), Baja California (1.8) and Baja California Sur (1.6). Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. [33], The national net migration rate of Mexico is negative, estimated at -1.8 migrants per 1,000 population as of 2017[update]. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. To know the population of Mexico in 2019, the population of the last 5 years has to be checked. From 2000 to 2005 the average annual growth rate of Greater Mexico City was the lowest of the five largest metropolitan areas, whereas the fastest growing metropolitan area was Puebla (2.0%) followed by Monterrey (1.9%), Toluca (1.8%) and Guadalajara (1.8%). ~Europeans are included within the Mestizo category. The National Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples (CDI), also undertakes research and analysis of the sociodemographic and linguistic indicators of the indigenous peoples, In 1900, the Mexican population was 13.6 million. World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. This application presents data for 228 countries and areas of the world with a 2020 population of 5,000 or more. In such instances, data may be available elsewhere at the website. Moreover, the government nationalized all the Church's properties (some of which were given back in the 1990s), and priests lost the right to vote or to be voted for (although in the 1990s they regained the right to vote). [27][28], Due to the 2008 Financial Crisis and the resulting economic decline and high unemployment in Spain, many Spaniards have been emigrating to Mexico to seek new opportunities. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. European Mexicans are Mexican citizens of full or majority European descent. If you use our datasets on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. [145] A scant number are Muslims and Jews of Middle Eastern origins. The indigenous people were legally protected from chattel slavery, and by being recognized as part of this group, Asian slaves could claim they were wrongly enslaved. As of April 2018, Mexico has the 15th largest nominal GDP (US$1.15 trillion) and the 11th largest by purchasing power parity(US$2.45 trillion). World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. Some indigenous languages are still being spoken by around 5% of Mexicans according to the latest census, in 2003 the General Law of Linguistic Rights of the Indigenous Peoples recognized 68 indigenous languages as "national languages", with the "same validity" in all territories and contexts where they are spoken. For two and a half centuries, between 1565 and 1815, many Filipinos and Mexicans sailed to and from Mexico and the Philippines as sailors, crews, slaves, prisoners, adventurers and soldiers in the Manila-Acapulco Galleon assisting Spain in its trade between Asia and the Americas. The population of each of these five states grew by more than one-third from 2000-2015, while the whole of Mexico grew by 22.6% in this period. Since the adoption of NAFTA in 1994, however, which allows all products to be imported duty-free regardless of their place of origin within Mexico, the non-border maquiladora share of exports has increased while that of border cities has decreased,. [39] In that year, the Mexican states sending the greatest numbers of emigrants to the United States were Jalisco (170,793), Michoacán (165,502), and Guanajuato (163,338); the total number of Mexican emigrants to the United States in 2000, both legal and illegal, was estimated at 1,569,157; the great majority of these were men. Most of its original datasets have reportedly been lost, so most of what is known about it nowadays comes from essays and field investigations made by academics who had access to the census data and used it as reference for their works, such as Prussian geographer Alexander von Humboldt. [104] Nonetheless, activists for the rights of indigenous peoples have referred to the usage of this criteria for census purposes as "statistical genocide"[105][106] Other surveys made by the Mexican government do count as Indigenous all persons who speak an indigenous language and people who do not speak indigenous languages nor live in indigenous communities but self-identifies as Indigenous. The following table is a compilation of (when possible) official nationwide surveys conducted by the Mexican government who have attempted to quantify different Mexican ethnic groups. [80], Demographic statistics according to Mexico's National Institute of Statistics. The Census Inegi in Mexico is the Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). The image of a hawk eating a snake is basically based on an Aztec legend. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. The left green stripe represents trust, the center white stripe speaks to virtue, and the right portion red stripe represents to the blood of the individuals who passed on battling for Mexico’s independence. The next four largest metropolitan areas in Mexico are Greater Guadalajara (4.1 million), Greater Monterrey (3.7 million), Greater Puebla (2.1 million) and Greater Toluca (1.6 million),[74] whose added population, along with Greater Mexico City, is equivalent to 30% of the nation's population. The term "Arab Mexican" may include ethnic groups that do not in fact identify as Arab. Due to the historical and contemporary perception in Mexican society of what constitutes Asian culture (associated with the Far East rather than the Near East), Asian Mexicans are of East, South and Southeast Asian descent and Mexicans of West Asian descent are not considered to be part of the group. 45% of Arab Mexicans are of Lebanese descent. in Coloquio sobre derechos indígenas", ( 2 ) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, ( 3 ) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, ( 4 ) United Nations Statistical Division. [176] The percentage of professing Catholics has been on the decrease over the last four decades, from over 98% in 1950 to 87.9% in 2000. The Mexico Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Mexico delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division. Mexico City's 2020 population is now estimated at 21,782,378.In 1950, the population of Mexico City was 3,365,081.Mexico City has grown by 442,598 since 2015, which represents a 0.41% annual change. Mexico news in English — people, politics, business and economy — news about Mexico: a curation of national and international coverage of news from Mexico. [138] The European Jewish immigrants joined the Sephardic community that lived in Mexico since colonial times, though many lived as Crypto-Jews, mostly in the northern states of Nuevo León and Tamaulipas. The vast majority of Mexico's 1.1 million Arabs are from either Lebanese, Syrian, Iraqi, or Palestinian background.[142]. According to 20th and 21st century academics, large scale intermixing between the European immigrants and the native Indigenous peoples would produce a Mestizo group which would become the overwhelming majority of Mexico's population by the time of the Mexican revolution. Rural Population from 1955 to 2020 Rural Population Urban Population 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 0 50M 100M 150M Acatzingo, 1792", "The World Factbook: North America: Mexico: People and Society", "Encyclopedia Britannica: Mexico Ethnic groups", "Racismo y salud mental en estudiantes universitarios en la Ciudad de México", "Stratification by Skin Color in Contemporary Mexico", "Admixture in Latin America: Geographic Structure, Phenotypic Diversity and Self-Perception of Ancestry Based on 7,342 Individuals" table 1, "21 de Marzo Día Internacional de la Eliminación de la Discriminación Racial" pag.7, "Encuesta Nacional Sobre Discriminación en Mexico”, "DOCUMENTO INFORMATIVO SOBRE DISCRIMINACIÓN RACIAL EN MÉXICO", " Visión INEGI 2021 Dr. Julio Santaella Castell", "Resultados del Modulo de Movilidad Social Intergeneracional", "Alteraciones cutáneas del neonato en dos grupos de población de México", "Congenital Dermal Melanocytosis (Mongolian Spot): Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology".