However, there were many founders of the science that looks at the non-natural world and into the elements of human behavior and beyond. The concept of cultural hegemony is one of his key contributions. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. There are many more branches of science which a person can become a specialist of. Category:Lists of social scientists. Unsurprisingly, he became a billionaire after co-founding Google. After his work brought controversy, he sought refuge in Belgium where he theorized that “the nature of individuals depends on the material conditions determining their production.”  He would later join the Communist League and write the manifesto with Friedrich Engels, and it is still a hot topic of dispute today. With this collection of biographies of famous social scientists, the include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history, learn more and get to know some mind boggling facts. It has been around for hundreds of years and is still being studied to this day. Below, we have listed five of the most famous social scientists and their work. Margaret Mead – Began her career studying the cultures of the Pacific islands – Compared Samoan and American cultures on the island of Samoa – She observed that adolescence was not a particularly troubling time for Samoans, who were considered adults when they reached physical maturity Alexis de Tocqueville (1805–1859) was a French sociologist best known for his book "Democracy in America." Giddens is a prominent contributor to the field of sociology with 34 published books in at least 29 languages. He is regarded by many as the 20th century's most influential American sociologist. Karl Marx – He wasn’t just an advocate for workers or communism, Karl Marx was also a social scientist. The bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. He is known for his writings on the dramaturgical perspective and pioneered the study of face-to-face interaction. He is also one of the founders of social psychology. A child prodigy who was never formally educated, Shakuntala Devi became a mathematical genius earning the title of Human Computer for her exceptional calculating abilities. This category has only the following subcategory. Another important work of his that focuses on how society functions and regulates itself is "The Division of Labor in Society. His most notable works include "The Souls of Black Folk," in which he advanced his theory of "double consciousness," and his massive tome on the social structure of U.S. society, "Black Reconstruction.". A prolific inventor, he had around 300 patents for his inventions. He is credited with publishing the Theory of Evolution, which explains the evolution of life from a unicellular organism to human beings. Who Is The Greatest Female Warrior In History? He also studied power and class in the United States, as displayed in his book "The Power Elite" (1956). A typical view of a scientist is that of a person in a white coat, conducting experiments. What Happens when the Universe chooses its own Units? Today, he is one of the most widely read and cited social theorists, and his theoretical contributions are still important and relevant in the 21st century. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. He is famous for his theories of deviance as well as for developing the concepts of "self-fulfilling prophecy" and "role model." He served as the 73rd president of the American Sociological Association and is listed as the 6th most-cited intellectual in the humanities and social sciences by The Times Higher Education Guide. Canadian sociologist Erving Goffman (1922–1982) was a significant thinker in the field of sociology and in particular the symbolic interaction perspective. He is credited with popularizing the telescope, which changed the course of history. Famous Social Scientists. Here’s our alphabetical list of the top 100 or so most popular scientists on the Famous Scientists website, ordered by surname. One of his most famous pieces of work is "Suicide: A Study In Sociology," which described the common characteristics of people who commit suicide. One of the most influential and popular scientists of all time, Sir Isaac Newton played a prominent role in our understanding of natural phenomena. CC Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike, 5 Famous Social Scientists and Why They Matter. They even indulge in studies related to the makeup of the earth and social scenarios where they study and try to understand the behavior of a group of individual of a particular species, sub-species or any other such classification. Jurgen Habermas (born 1929) is a German sociologist and philosopher in the tradition of critical theory and pragmatism.